April 21, 2024

Gingivitis – Causes, Symptoms, and Various Oral Hygiene Methods to Avoid it

Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums (gingiva) around the teeth suffer inflammation. Gingivitis is the most common type of periodontal illness, affecting a large section of the population. Gum inflammation is graded according to its severity. It can range from mild to severe periodontal disease.

Poor oral hygiene is the cause of gingivitis. Gingivitis can be avoided by cleaning your teeth at least twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting the dentist regularly. Gingivitis can cause irritation, swelling, and redness, therefore it should be taken seriously and treated immediately the symptoms begin.

Orion Dental Specialty Clinic is known to provide proper dental care to all its patients to avoid any dental emergencies. Dr. Melanie Farzam and Dr. Farnam Farzam is family dentist Cypress TX who has more than thirty years of experience in dentistry. They have experience in treating gum disease and various other dental problems. With advanced technology and the latest tools, all dentists in Orion Dental Specialty Clinic can provide a solution to their patients in no time.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Healthy gums are firm, pale pink, and tightly wrapped around the teeth. Gingivitis symptoms and signs include:

  • Swollen or bulging gums
  • Gums turning dark red or crimson
  • Bleeding gums after brushing or flossing.
  • Receding or tender gums

If you see any symptoms of periodontitis, make an appointment with your dentist Cypress TX. The sooner you get treated, the better your chances of reversing periodontitis damage and preventing disease progression.

Causes of Gingivitis

  • Plaque formation on the teeth happens due to food that is not removed properly from the teeth and interacts with bacteria.
  • Plaque that sticks to your teeth hardens into tartar, which accumulates bacteria underneath the gum line. Tartar makes plaque removal more difficult, creates a bacteria-protective barrier, and irritates the gums.
  • Plaque and tartar irritate the gingiva the longer they linger on your teeth, causing irritation, swelling, and bleeding. Gingivitis will progress to periodontal disease and eventual tooth loss if not managed.


  • Good oral hygiene is important to maintain good teeth health. Brushing twice a day, flossing, and teeth cleaning through professional help will maintain good gums and teeth for a longer time.
  • Regular dental visit is important since childhood. Dentists have the potential to analyze, diagnose and treat any symptoms which can lead to periodontal disease.
  • Eating healthy food and avoiding caffeine, sugar, and nicotine helps in keeping teeth white and in great shape.

Proper Care at Home 

  • Brush your teeth, morning and night.
  • Use an electric toothbrush to floss your teeth at least once a day.
  • Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash regularly.

Symptoms such as plaque and tartar in the oral cavity will be examined by a dentist or oral hygienist. The dentist in Cypress TX will go over the importance of good oral hygiene and how to brush and floss properly. Follow-up appointments, as well as more frequent cleanings, may be recommended. Gingivitis can usually be treated and complications can be avoided by following the dentist’s advice.

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