February 7, 2023

Types of Delivery Methods

Child Delivery

With the modern medical practices and advancement of technology, childbirth trends have changed dramatically. Like in 1900, almost all American births took place outside the hospital. But by 1940, more than half of births were in hospitals. This trend continued rapidly, and by 1969 only 1% of births were out of the hospital. Modern medical technology has made the childbirth process a safer experience for mother and baby. Hospitals have responded to childbirth trends, like the need for a more home-like environment in the hospital. A variety of hospitals offer comfortable maternity suites converted into state-of-the-art delivery rooms. An easy birth plan is great, but sometimes even the carefully planned birth can take a turn. That’s why it is important to be prepared for alternative delivery methods.

Types of Delivery Methods

  • Vaginal Delivery

In vaginal delivery, the baby is born through the birth canal. It is difficult to know exactly when to go to labor, but most women give birth at about 38-41 pregnancy weeks. The country’s largest ob-gynaecological organization recommends that pregnant women plan to have a vaginal delivery unless there is a medical reason for a cesarean. In guidelines issued in 2013, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists states that maternity caesareans are not specifically recommended for women planning to have multiple children, nor be completed before 39 weeks of pregnancy.

Vaginal delivery benefits include rapid recovery, low infection rate, short stay in hospital, and babies born through vagina have a lower respiratory problems risk. Doctors also recommend prenatal supplements during pregnancy since they can greatly increase the chances of a successful pregnancy and improve the health of the baby. 

  • Cesarian Section (C-Section)

As all births don’t go according to birth plans, other delivery methods are also available when complications arise. In C-section, a baby’s birth occurs through a surgical incision in the mother’s uterus and abdomen. In some cases, a C-section is already scheduled. In others, it is done in response to an unexpected complication.

Certain events that may require a C-Section includes 

    • Having very large babies or multiple babies
    • The baby is in the breech or transverse position
    • Placenta previa
    • C-sections, previous surgery, or other uterine conditions 
    • Fibroid or other major obstruction.
  • Vaginal Birth After Cesarian

C-section ended hopes of future vaginal delivery in the past. But due to advancements in surgical techniques, VBAC is possible in various cases. An estimated 75% of women who test VBAC have a successful vaginal delivery. However, VBAC is not for everyone. Sometimes a pregnancy complication prevents successful VBAC. Various local hospitals do not offer VBAC because they do not have the resources to deal with emergency C-sections.

  • Vacuum Extraction

Vacuum extraction is a procedure that is sometimes performed during childbirth through the vagina. During the vacuum extraction, the doctor places a vacuum on the head of the baby to help pull the baby out of the birth canal.

  • Forceps Delivery

Forceps delivery is operative vaginal delivery, rarely needed during the birth of a baby from the vagina. In a forceps delivery, the doctor places a forceps (a device shaped like a large spoon or salad tongs) on the head of the baby to help guide the baby out of the birth canal.

Conclusion

An easy birth plan is great, but sometimes even the carefully planned birth can take a turn. Different types of delivery methods are vaginal delivery, Cesarian section, vaginal birth after Cesarian, vacuum extraction, and forceps delivery.